Why, now, follow neither of these because it is their judgment and practice; but yet if your persuasion be contrary to the persuasion of the most pious and sober-minded Christians, this ought so far to prevail as to make men suspect lest they are mistaken, and to put them upon diligent inquiry and an important search into their grounds and arguments—but after all, still follow that which you are convinced in your own conscience is your duty, how evil soever it may appear to others, one way or another.". Even a small amount of these things is detrimental to her health. The former term is active and denotes that which is destructive, injurious, and evil in its effect." About the time of Paul, a political sanction was given to this worship by deifying the Emperor as Cabeirus. Even as Christ pleased not himself.". Schism and persecution would never have existed, though many separations would—but the seceders would have acted cautiously and conscientiously, while those from whom they had retired, perceiving upon what motives they had acted, would have reverenced the principle, however they may have lamented the act, and neither attempted to crush them with the arm of power, nor brand them with the charge of schism. As a general principle, then, it holds good, that what appears to be evil is evil, and must be abstained from. 6:18; 10:14; 1Ti 6:11; 2Ti 2:22-note; cf. 5:22. In Thessalonica, besides the ordinary licentious customs of the Gentiles, immorality was fostered by the Cabeiric worship. Every form of evil - This phrase stresses the all inclusive nature of this command and the manifold manifestations (different "species") that evil is capable of - lies, distortions of truth, moral perversions, etc. Your own piety is brought into suspicion. Holiness is more, for it is the beauty of the Divine Being himself; not so much a separate attribute of his nature, as the perfection of all his attributes. It is not enough to ask concerning an action, "Is it lawful? "God is light, and in him is no darkness at all," and from the midst of his excellent glory, he is ever calling to us and saying, "Be holy, as I am holy.". But those for which there is no answer or which have no bearing on truth only cause dissension. Moody Press, The United Bible Societies' New Testament Handbook Series, Friberg, T., Friberg, B., & Miller, N. F. Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. 1 Thessalonians 5:22 . Abstain (568) (apechomai [word study] from apó = away from - conveys the idea of putting some distance between; serves as a marker of dissociation, implying a rupture from a former association + écho = have) means to be away or be at a distance and here means to keep oneself from. Form (1491)(eidos from eído = see) literally means that which is seen or what is visible and then the external appearance (shape and structure) of something as it appears to someone. Refusing to be enticed by temptation, the righteous person’s “delight is in the law of the Lord, and in His law he meditates day and night” (Ps. Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:16-22 (Read 1 Thessalonians 5:16-22) We are to rejoice in creature-comforts, as if we rejoiced not, and must not expect to live many years, and rejoice in them all; but if we do rejoice in God, we may do that evermore. Resolving Tension. The Greek word translated "appearance," "form," … But this is wrong. A female, vain of her beauty, is annoyed not only by sores upon the countenance—but also by freckles. Prayer in the New Testament: Robert Hill: 05/11/2004 1 Thessalonians 5:22 Context. "How emphatic, how comprehensive, is the apostolic admonition which is the subject of this chapter, "abstain from all appearance of evil." BRG. (Critical and Explanatory Commentary). More Christians are defeated on account of self-reliance than on account of Satanic attack. The term does not denote semblance as opposed to reality. 11:16; 15:3; Lam. 2. 24:10, 17; 26:30; 28:33; Lev. This should cause us to think about the choices we make, because taking part in what is clearly evil is not good for our spiritual vitality. Darby - hold fast the right; hold aloof from every form of wickedness. John Angell James - THE DUTY OF PROFESSORS TO AVOID THE APPEARANCE OF EVIL, "God has called us unto holiness." Numbers 9:15 Now on the day that the tabernacle was erected the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the testimony, and in the evening it was like the appearance (Hebrew = mareh = sight, appearance, vision; Lxx = eidos) of fire over the tabernacle, until morning. - Hatred of evil leads to avoidance of it. In all that he told the Christian to do in 1 Thessalonians 4:1 through 1 Thess 5:22, he never intended that they do those things in their own power. We may then render "from every sort of evil" (Williams). By Dave Branon - Abstain from every form of evil. (1Ti 4:3), Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain (present tense = continually = Just try to pull this off relying on yourself! Then the weak person, the brother for whom Christ died, is ruined by your knowledge." A mighty labor of human depravity to confirm its own dominion! You can’t pursue righteousness and at the same time tolerate evil. Although Paul uses a different verb (aphistemi) in 2Ti 2:19 the charge to Timothy is still the same = abstain! But Paul's exhortation is, "Abstain from every form of evil." This is somewhat the nuance in this verse - so we might say something like "every species of evil" implying (correctly) that there are many "species" of evil, just as there are many species in a given genus. In fact in this passage Paul makes it clear that one of the marks of those who are really His children is abstinence from evil = "Nevertheless, the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, "The Lord knows those who are His," and, "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord abstain (aorist imperative = Do this now! A professor is not to be vain of the beauty of holiness—but still he is to be watchful of it, and must therefore avoid the smallest disfigurement of it by sin! Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised Edition. 1 Thessalonians chapter 5 KJV (King James Version) 1 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.. 2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.. 3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape. "but "is it fitting?" Though all the world should utter its howl against the strictness of our religion, and demand a relaxation of it, we must not gratify their desires, nor seek to win them, by relaxing the least part of that severity which the law of God and our own conscience require of us. 23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Are we willing to make the effort to steer clear of things we are spiritually “allergic to”? Such a dictum might enable them to shun some unpleasant duty. Usually 1 Thessalonians 5:22 is referred exclusively to the discourses of the inspired, so that πάντα δὲ δοκιμάζετε contains the chief point which is then unfolded according to its two sides, first positively ( τὸ καλὸν κατέχετε), and then negatively (1 Thessalonians 5:22). Paul called his readers to avoid it, implying the need for exercising self-discipline enabled by God’s Spirit. There is frequently an apprehensiveness which makes some people pause and hesitate, and almost resolve to turn back, even when their judgment urges them on; just like that groundless fear, which makes a timid traveler doubt and ready to return, although the finger-post over his head, and the mile-stone by the wayside tell him he is right. Others may be unnecessarily grieved, and the communion of saints be interrupted. Abstain from all appearance of evil. A second, in his zeal for the cause of Christ, will give that property for its support, which belongs to his creditors. To all who would turn us from the path of duty, we must give the Apostle's reply, "Whether it be right to obey men rather than God, judge you." Morris - The meaning will be ‘evil which can be seen,’ and not ‘that which appears to be evil. Today avoid sin’s tempting lures Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources. A really sincere desire to know and do the will of God, at all risk and all costs, will rarely leave a person in much doubt, as to what is right to be done. It is truly painful to think how much of real and even eminent holiness has, in some cases, been witnessed, not only without admiration—but with disgust; and has been spoken of rather with contempt than applause, merely in consequence of the encrustations of folly by which it has been disfigured. 5 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. We must not venture to the extreme verge of what is good, nor try how near we can come to evil, without actually committing it. —Bosch Still, however, the question returns, ought we not to do that which we believe is enjoined upon us by the word of God? we answer, not what conscience—but what the Scriptures declare to be so. Devotion sometimes degenerates into superstition. (Spurgeon quotes) Manton says: “A man that would keep out the cold in winter shutteth all his doors and windows, yet the wind will creep in, though he doth not leave any open hole for it.” We must leave no inlet for sin, but stop up every hole and cranny by which it can enter. We must never, I allow, carry our candor so far as to give up principle to our own harm, nor bow to prejudice to our neighbor's; but when we can give way without the risk of injury to ourselves or our neighbor, and with the probability of good to both, no obstinate attachment to our own opinion should prompt us to stand out. 1 Cor. This rule is the word of God. This, then, is the law of Christian liberty in things indifferent. This gives the best meaning here. It is not to be doubted that others do many evil things, and yet act conscientiously therein. As, for instance, some among us at this day are persuaded that they ought to worship God one way, and some another; and what appears to be a duty to one, has the appearance of evil in it to another. What does 1 Thessalonians 5:22 mean? Thessalonians, The Epistles to the. This is the state of mind, which has been called "a doubting conscience.". Every kind of evil (1 Thess. —1 Thessalonians 5:22. Jesus healed on the Sabbath, and ate with publicans and sinners, acts which wore the appearance of evil, but which were not to be abstained from on that account, being really good. Moody Press). KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. We ought in many cases to abstain from what appears evil to others. 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Milk, cheese, eggs, and ice cream are among the items she has to avoid. Approximately 51AD, 1Thessalonians 5:22 abstain from every form of evil. Evil has a complexity that stands in striking contrast to the simplicity of the good. (NLT - Tyndale House), Phillips: Steer clear of evil in any form. Whatever is wrong in even the slightest way—is to be abstained from. Farewell." 1. When conscience meets us in the path we are going, striding across the road, as did the Angel to resist the progress of Balaam, we must not resolve to force a passage, and continue our course. 1 Thessalonians 5:22. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. 1 Thessalonians 5:22— The Sin Sniffer’s Catch-All Verse: Daniel B. Wallace: 06/30/2004: 13. Spurgeon - The old naturalist, Ulysses Androvaldus, tell us that a dove is so afraid of a hawk, that she will be frightened at the sight of one of its feathers. 16:18; 25:3; 2 Sam. The LORD said to Satan, "Have you considered My servant Job? How, then, are we to judge? It is interesting to note that a word derived from eidos is eídolon the Greek word for an idol! Paul is saying Keep holding yourself (middle voice conveys the idea that this is something the subject must initiate and then participate in the results thereof - it is a continuing personal obligation) away from every form or "species" of harmful evil. 1. When, therefore, the question is asked, "What is right?" "Lord, do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil" (Mt 6:13) should be our daily (many times in the day) prayer! "But," says the apostle, "be careful that this right of yours in no way becomes a stumbling block to the weak. Scripture gives us a clear indication of what we are “allergic to” spiritually. 5:22). By Dave Branon - Abstain from every form of evil. Check it out with the Word of God. 1 Thes 2:7: Daniel B. Wallace: 06/25/2004: 3. Here are the other NT uses of apechomai... (The Jerusalem council concluded) that we write to them (Gentile converts to Christianity) that they abstain from things contaminated by idols and from fornication and from what is strangled and from blood... 29 that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols and from blood and from things strangled and from fornication; if you keep yourselves free from such things, you will do well. ESV Abstain from every form of evil. 23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Whether it be so or not, I cannot tell; but this I know, that when a man has had a thorough shaking over the jaws of hell, he will be so afraid of sin, that even one of its feathers — any one sin — will alarm and send a thrill of fear through his soul This is a part of the way by which the Lord turns us when we are turned indeed. Cultivating a Thankful Heart. We must not go on against the convictions of our judgment, nor even its well-grounded fears. It is the external appearance or shape of something. * [5:19–21] Paul’s buoyant encouragement of charismatic freedom sometimes occasioned excesses that he or others had to remedy (see 1 Cor 14; 2 Thes 2:1–15; 2 Pt 3:1–16). There are many things, of which the sinfulness is so manifest; which have so much of the palpable substance as well as the appearance of evil, that they are shunned without a moment's hesitation, by everyone who has the least regard to the authority of God. "He that doubts is condemned if he eats, for whatsoever is not of faith (that is, which a man does not believe he may lawfully do) is sin." 14:23. Read 1 Thessalonians 5:22 Using Other Translations. The KJV rendering is a bit misleading = Abstain from all appearance of evil. There is need of great care in doing this, for when our very best is done sin will find an entrance. 5. cp Ex 24:10, 33:23). Abstain from every form of evil [withdraw and keep away from it]. It produces a state of mind which is favourable to every form of evil. "We are called," I repeat the expression, "to holiness! Great sacrifice of feeling, and considerable self-denial, will be sometimes necessary to act upon this plan—but, then, what is religion but one continued course of self denial. 1 Thessalonians 5:22 abstain from every form of evil. If KJV interpretation is chosen (and it is not impossible), the translator should guard against the misunderstanding that Paul is warning only against apparent, and not against real, evil. True religion is conformity to God, and God is holy. It is not enough not to do evil, for we must not even seem to do it—we must avoid the first for the sake of conscience, and the second for the sake of reputation; the first for our own sake, the second for our neighbor's sake; and both for God's sake. Evil (4190)(poneros from pónos = labor, sorrow, pain) refers to evil in active opposition to good. Devotionals containing 1 Thessalonians 5:22 . We must follow the measures which common prudence teaches us in earthly matters. Abstain from every form of evil. Evils are of various kinds and degrees, and it is a Christian's duty to avoid them all. Notice that the Septuagint adds a detail not apparent in the Hebrew text -- the Greek has not just "turning away from evil" but adds the word "pas" (pantos) which means all without exception! John 5:37 "And the Father who sent Me, He has borne witness of Me. References. All sober, serious, conscientious, and considerate Christians, try to keep far within the territory of holiness, being aware that the border country is generally disputed ground, and much infested by marauders from the opposite land, who are lying in ambush to make captives of those who adventure beyond the line of their defense. Their decision was contrary to charity; but his conduct was no less contrary to prudence. We need to jettison self-reliance and rely on the power of the Spirit! if my example leads him to sin) I will never again eat meat, so that I won't cause my brother to fall into sin" The same reasoning is applied to a similar case stated in Rom. Spurgeon writes that Paul does not mean "from that which other people choose to think evil, but from all real evil whatever it is — even from the very shadow that it casts and the shape which it assumes. Holiness was the image of God in which man was created, against which the envy and malignity of Satan were directed, and which he dashed at and destroyed, when he found himself unable to reach the divine original. (Job 1:1). To set the right example—to be the salt of the earth and the light of the world—we must take care of one particular area. . 1 Thessalonians 4:1-5:22 A Life Pleasing to God. Professors should abstain from the smallest beginnings of evil, the first buddings of sin; those things which would not be noticed in others, and are made apparent, like faint stains upon white linen, only by the white background of their profession; and which after all, in the estimation of many, are so small and insignificant, as to be rather appearances than realities. The presence of the Lord Jesus in the soul can so warm the heart that worldliness and sin will be expelled, and we shall be both holy and happy. Hiebert writes that evil (poneros) "is a strong term and is properly distinguished from kakos. These must be recognized and resisted. Allergic To . The whole Christian religion appeared evil in the eye of the Pagans among whom it was first propagated, and was persecuted by them as such. Even a small amount of these things is detrimental to her health. There is, in some instances, as great a lack of judgment in the doing of what is good, as there is in others a lack of conscience in the doing of what is evil, and, in the end, with much the same result; I mean, the disparagement of religion. Some of the philosophers, especially of the Stoic sect, delivered many fine sentiments and even beautiful maxims of a stern and rigid morality—but their ethics had no connection with their theology. Baker Academic, 1 Thessalonians Devotionals & Sermon Illustrations, 1Th 4:12; Ex 23:7; Isa 33:15; Mt 17:26,27; Ro 12:17; 1Cor 8:13; 10:31, 32, 33; 2Cor 6:3; 8:20,21; Php 4:8; Jude 1:23, Hold yourselves aloof from every form of evil (Weymouth). (2PPMM), Amplified: Abstain from evil [shrink from it and keep aloof from it] in whatever form or whatever kind it may be. But there are many of an opposite description, who have so little circumspection and tenderness of conscience, that if they can but keep themselves from that which is intrinsically and notoriously evil, make no scruple of venturing upon the borders and edges of sin. It would translate itself to heaven, and usurp divinity, in order to come down thence with a sanction for man to be wicked." 1 Thessalonians: Introduction, Outline, and Argument: Daniel B. Wallace: 06/28/2004: Was Paul a 'Babe’ among the Thessalonians? 22 Abstain from every form of evil [withdraw and keep away from it]. And of 2 Thessalonians 3:3 ridicule—but the malice of the weak in judgment, which... Notes, Fully Revised Edition evil does not denote semblance as opposed to reality 41:2ff, 18f ;.... Of God or not his face became different, and loving the world ; Deut, we... A most preposterous kind of evil. and evil thoughts subdue, or species his commandments pain ) refers evil... 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Of perniciousness Septuagint ( LXX ) ( Gen. 29:17 ; 32:30f ; 39:6 ; 41:2ff, 18f ; Exod is! Thes 2:7: Daniel B. Wallace: 06/25/2004: 3 in its effect. enable... ; 11:7 ; 12:8 ; Deut KJV renders it, implying the need for exercising self-discipline enabled God’s. - Idleness is the mother of all vices judging ourselves by a rule good itself! It touches the charge to Timothy is still the same time tolerate evil. enable to... Use of apechomai in this sense, it is a bit misleading = Abstain ) signifies form or of... We gave you through the Lord Jesus guilty of all God 's dispensations towards his,... Evil “ Abstain from every form of evil [ shrink from it, in some cases, the! Testament: Robert Hill: 05/11/2004 1 Thessalonians: Introduction, Outline, and earnest prayer to God and., 18f ; Exod `` God has promised to guide the weak person, the question is,... ( Williams ) implying the need for exercising self-discipline enabled by God’s Spirit good but also the of. The United Bible Societies ' New Testament Handbook Series ): all things ; hold fast that which evil. And someday Master you to Abstain from every kind of charity to please ourselves pursue and. Greater holiness is abstinence from sexual immorality ( 1Th 4:3-note ) see the necessity of searching the Scriptures to! There really are no little sins, no 'little white lies ' no! By deifying the Emperor as Cabeirus properly distinguished from kakos to do with reverential. Historical note - Paul wrote from Corinth Approximately 51AD, 1Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from form! Thes 2:7: Daniel B. Wallace: 06/25/2004: 3 what appears to be evil. in contrast...

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