Ellora served as a group of monasteries (viharas) and temples (caityas); some of the caves include sleeping cells that were carved for itinerant monks. It contains elaborately carved monoliths and halls with stairs, doorways, windows, and numerous fixed sculptures. It is a UNESCO world heritage site. Deze grotten van Ellora zijn het bewijs van unieke artistieke creaties en technische hoogstandjes. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Ellora Caves Guided Day Tour with Other Attractions (From US$ 96.42) Ajanta & Ellora Caves and Sightseeing 2 days Tour (From US$ 38.00) Private 2 Days Tour: Ajanta Ellora Caves and Aurangabad City (From US$ 89.24) Mumbai to Ajanta & Ellora Caves Guided Tour (From US$ 347.63) See all Ellora Caves experiences on Tripadvisor One of its better-known decorations is a scene of Vishnu transformed into a man-lion and battling a demon. Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism. Built during 600-1000 CE, Ellora caves stand tall on the Sahyadri Hills in Aurangabad district.It is famous for its Hindu , Jain and Buddhists monuments. A detailed condition survey of all caves has been undertaken as a part of the Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan and implementation is underway. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Amongst these, Cave 16 is an excellent example of structural innovation, and marks the culmination of rock-cut architecture in India featuring elaborate workmanship and striking proportions. Ellora, with its uninterrupted sequence of monuments dating from A.D. 600 to 1000, brings the civilization of … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The carvings and sculptures in the sacred site span from the sixth to tenth centuries CE. They are located near the village of Ellora, 19 miles (30 km) northwest of Aurangabad and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of the Ajanta Caves. Эти 34 монастыря и храма, растянувшиеся на расстояние более 2 км, высечены друг за другом в стене высокого базальтового обрыва, недалеко от города Аурангабада в штате Махараштра. The last phase, between the 9th and 12th centuries, saw the excavation of a group of caves (caves 30–34) reflecting Jaina philosophy. Notable among the Jain temples is cave 32, which includes fine carvings of lotus flowers and other elaborate ornaments. They are located near the village of Ellora, 19 miles (30 km) northwest of Aurangabad and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of the Ajanta Caves. If one considers only the work of excavating the rock, a monument such as the Kailasa Temple is a technological exploit without equal. Su ininterrumpida secuencia de creación, que se extiende desde el año 600 al 1000, es una brillante muestra de esa civilización. Located in the Indian State of Maharashtra the caves are about a 10-12 hour bus journey from Mumbai or a 7+ hour train trip - … The temple is decorated with some of the boldest and finest sculptural compositions to be found in India. However, this temple, which transposes models from “constructed” architecture, offers an extraordinary repertory of sculpted and painted forms of a very high plastic quality and an encyclopaedic program. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! The earliest caves at Ellora appear to be caves 28 and 27 carved in the vicinity of the kunda [now known as Sita ki Nahni – meaning where Sita of the epic Ramayana took bath]. Each year the caves attract large crowds of religious pilgrims and tourists. وتشكّل مجموعة إلورا إنجازاً فنياً فريداً من نوعه وقوةً تقنيةً تتطلّب الجهد. The train will reach Aurangabad around 12:00 PM. The 12 Buddhist caves (in the south) date from about 200 bce to 600 ce, the 17 Hindu temples (in the centre) date from about 500 to 900 ce, and the 5 Jain temples (in the north) date from about 800 to 1000. Ajanta Caves :- It depends if you want the best or the “BUDGET” way. Find out everything you need to … It is a marvelous sight to watch and will definitely leave you … La realización de este conjunto monumental de calidad artística excepcional fue una verdadera proeza técnica. Through their art and architecture, the Ellora Caves serve as a window to ancient India, including socio-cultural phenomena, material culture, politics, and lifestyles. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ellora-Caves, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India, Archaeological Survey of India - Ellora Caves, Indianetzone - Indian Monuments - Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India, UNESCO World Heritage Convention - Ellora Caves, Ellora Caves - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Criterion (i): The ensemble of Ellora is a unique artistic achievement, a masterpiece of human creative genius. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Ellora Caves Tourist Information Centre sells tickets and an audio-visual guide in various languages. These Caves were built around 6 th – 11 th century AD, featuring artwork and sculptures belonging to Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. Situados cerca de Aurangabad (Estado de Maharashtra), los 34 monasterios y templos de este sitio se alinean, uno junto a otro, a lo largo de 2 km, en la pared del alto farallón basáltico en la que fueron excavados. El sitio hace revivir la antigua civilización de la India gracias a la secuencia ininterrumpida de sus monumentos, que datan de los siglos VII a XI. It is also known as Elapura (in the Rashtrakuta literature-Kannada). The property, which encompasses the ensemble along with its natural setting, is of adequate size to ensure the complete representation of features and processes that convey the property’s significance, and does not suffer from adverse effects of development and/or neglect. Just beyond the entrance, in the main courtyard, is a monument to Shiva’s bull Nandi. Ellora is a site of outstanding cave temples, datable between c. ad 575 and the end of the 9th century, 20 km north of Aurangabad in the Sahyadri Hills, Maharashtra, India. The Ajanta Caves are wholly Buddhist and date back to the time frame between 200 BC to 650 AD. It constitutes of various shrines of Budha of Bodhisattva Saints. If you can improve it, please do.This article has been rated as C-Class. Ajanta Ellora Caves have always been recognized as the gems that represent Indian history and the impressive artistry that existed in the foregone era. The materials, locations, and natural setting also play significant roles in determining the authenticity of the property. It is a UNESCO world heritage site. source: UNESCO/ERI Do have rupees handy if this is your plan as the card machine is unreliable at best! Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains created temples, shrines, and monasteries at the Ellora Caves, numbering twelve Buddhist caves, seventeen Hindu caves, and five Jain caves. Ellora caves are located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra India. Astonishingly carved into hillside rock in the middle of nowhere are the Ajanta and Ellora caves. Among the depictions within the halls is that of the 10-headed demon king Ravana shaking Kailasa mountain in a show of strength. History & Location of Ajanta Ellora Caves. Sustaining the Outstanding Universal Value of the property over time will require developing and implementing a framework to address issues such as visitor management as well as environment management; long-term monitoring for seepage and cracking patterns in all the caves; and capacity building of conservation staff at the property, with the objective of ensuring the long-term protection of attributes that sustain the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the property. Trente-quatre monastères et temples ont été creusés en succession serrée dans la paroi d'une haute falaise basaltique, non loin d'Aurangabad, contribuant à faire revivre une brillante civilisation ancienne dans une séquence ininterrompue de monuments datables de 600 à 1000. The 12 large caves mainly comprise of Viharas (monasteries). The complex has over 100 caves, features a multi-faith collection of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain sculptures and monuments that date from AD 600 to 1000. Эллора – это не только комплекс уникального художественного творчества и технических достижений. Kailasa temple (cave 16), one of the Hindu temples of the Ellora Caves, northwest-central Maharashtra state, India. The Karnatic version of the South Indian style extended northward into Mahārāshtra, where the Kailasa temple at Ellora, erected in the reign of the Rāṣṭrakūṭā Krishna I (8th century), is its most stupendous achievement. The prominent caves of the Brahmanical group are Cave 15 (Dasavatara, or Cave of Ten Incarnations), Cave 16 (Kailasa, the largest monolithic temple), Cave 21 (Ramesvara), and Cave 29 (Dumar Lena). Ellora Caves are an impressive complex of rock shrines, representing the three different faiths of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, that were excavated between the 5th to the 13th centuries CE. ويجسد الكهف بمعابده المخصّصة على التوالي للبوذية والبرهمانية واليانية (إحدى الديانات الهندية القديمة) روح التسامح التي تميزت بها الهند القديمة. In addition there are also 19 unlisted caves called the Ganesha Caves which are above the other caves. Ellora Caves has 34 caves and is also famous for the largest single monolithic rock-cut temple globally, popularly knows as the Kailash temple. The Ellora caves are intricate, and interesting. The Ellora caves, locally known as ‘Verul Leni’ are situated on the Aurangabad-Chalisgaon road at a distance of 30 km north-northwest of Aurangabad, the district headquarters. The history of the Ellora Caves is complex and involves a number of religions. In een gebied niet ver van Aurangabad in de staat Maharashtra, zijn 34 kloosters en tempels uit een hoge basaltrots gehakt. The invaluable ensemble of 34 caves at Ellora in the Charanandri hills of western India’s Maharashtra State showcases a spirit of co-existence and religious tolerance through the outstanding architectural activities carried out by the followers of three prominent religions: Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism. United Nations, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Khulatabad Taluk , Verul Village. The Jaina group of caves (caves 30 – 34) is exquisitely carved with fine, delicate sculptures, and includes fine paintings dedicated to the Digambara sect. The caves are located near Verul on the Aurangabad-Chalisgaon road to the northwest of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, 埃洛拉石窟群位于马哈拉施特拉邦(Maharashtra),离奥兰加巴德不远。高高的陡峭玄武岩壁上,34座洞穴庙宇被开凿出来,一座挨一座,延伸2000多米。这些保存完好、排列有序的遗迹可追溯到公元600年至1000年,它们生动完好地再现了古印度文明。埃洛拉石窟群不仅艺术造型独特,技术水准高超,而且作为佛教、婆罗门教和耆那教的圣殿,它们是古代印度容忍、宽恕特性的精神体现。. Opening times of Ellora Caves. Ellora represents the … Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site. These 34 monasteries and temples, extending over more than 2 km, were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff, not far from Aurangabad, in Maharashtra. Read more Date of experience: January 2020 Corrections? The Vishvakarma cave (cave 10) has carvings of Hindu and Buddhist figures as well as a lively scene of dancing dwarfs. Criterion (vi): The Ellora Caves not only bear witness to three great religions, i.e. Amongst the caves of the Buddhist group, Cave 10 (Visvakarma or Sutar-ki-jhopari, the Carpenter’s cave), Cave 11, and Cave 12 (Teen Tal, or three-storied monastery, the largest in this category) are particularly important. Ellora is an archaeological site in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. The most remarkable of the cave temples is Kailasa (Kailasanatha; cave 16), named for the mountain in the Kailas Range of the Himalayas where the Hindu god Shiva resides. تمّ حفر أربعة وثلاثين ديراً ومعبداً تباعاً في جدار جُرف عال بزلتيّ لا يبعد عن أورانغباد، مما ساهم في إعادة إنعاش حضارة لامعة قديمة في تسلسل متواصل من النصب التذكارية العائدة لفترة تتراوح بين عامي600 و1000. Расположенными рядом святилищами буддизма, индуизма и джайнизма extending over a distance of more than.! And is also one of the most visited ancient monument and also one of the Ellora Caves designated! 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